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Saturday, November 24, 2001 5:03 AM
From: Nabil Bukhalid
Cc: Steven G. Huter , Randy Bush
Subject: RE: The Internet in Syria
There is one ISP and that is the Syrian Telecommunications Establishment
(STE)and they are administering the Syrian TLD.
The Syrian Computer Society (SCS) is providing Internet service to its
membership through a special derogation.
ISP in SY Link Type Bandwidth Upstream ISP POP location(s)
========= ======= ======== ========== =========== ===============
STE Fiber multi-E1 4 Mbps Telecom Italia 5 cities
SCS Fiber multi E1 8 Mbps STE Damascus
STE's link was previously with TeleGlobe, a Canadian company link, but now
it is with Italy's Telco. SCS's link is with CYTA, Cyprus. Both links are
fiber type, symmetrical connection; the current capacity for STE's link is 4 Mbps
and a project to upgrade it to 8 Mbps is underway.
STE's subscribers are nearly 10,000 and those of SCS closer to 20,000. Thus,
the total is 30,000 but the number of users is most probably larger as many
accounts are shared accounts.
STE's POPs are POPs in 5 cities: Damascus, Homs, Aleppo, Lattakia, and Deir
As for the near future plans and prospects for growth, STE has called for a
tender to provide a national Internet backbone in order to have a large
number of pop's (over 40) and to be able to serve 200,000 subscribers. After this
backbone is implemented, private ISPs can be licensed by STE in all of
Once the backbone in place and the private ISPs running the show, it is
expected to see an exponential increase in the number of subscribers.
Over a year and a half ago Mr. Makram Obeid became Minister of Transport and
Mr. Mohammad Maarouf became the new head (Director General) of STE. STE's
ISP is managed by a young engineer, Mr. Jalal Khudr. A new position has been
created ("Internet Project Manager") in order to implement the Internet backbone
mentioned above. But this position is still open.
The Internet in Syria data update was provided and validated by Dr. Mansour